Madikeri is the picturesque town of Kodagu (also called Coorg), the land of coffee, cardamom, colonels and the Cauvery. The headquarters of Kodagu district, it is located in a beautiful hilly setting surrounded by the forest slopes of the Western Ghats. Here, time seems to have stood still. Dotted with a cluster of red-roofed dwellings and a bustling bazaar, the town, situated at an elevation of 1,525 m, has a charming old-world look. Not much is known about the early history of Kodagu. From AD 1600 onwards, the Lingayat Rajas ruled over Kodagu and established their capital at Madikeri where they built a mud fort. The Kodavas, as the people of Kodagu are called, troubled the Mysore rulers Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan through sporadic rebellions. Finally, in AD 1785, Tippu marched into Kodagu with a large army and devastated the little kingdom.